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    您所在的位置:首页 > CNN类别 > CNN News 特朗普新行政令向H1B签证开刀 落实买美国货雇美国人 20170518

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    CNN News 特朗普新行政令向H1B签证开刀 落实买美国货雇美国人 20170518

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    CNN News 特朗普新行政令向H1B签证开刀 落实买美国货雇美国人 20170518

    AZUZ: U.S. President Donald Trump has signed a new executive order that aims to follow through on a pledge he made on inauguration day.
    DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: We will follow two simple rules: buy American and hire American.
    AZUZ: Yesterday, the president visited the headquarters of a Wisconsin- based tool manufacturer. He said his administration would do everything it could to make sure more products are stamped with the words "made in the USA".
    TRUMP: This historic action declares that the policy of our government is to aggressively promote and use American made goods and to ensure that American labor is hired to do the job.
    AZUZ: But Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer said in a conference call that the president hasn't stood up to China, which is blamed for taking American jobs, or do enough to help American workers.
    SEN. CHARLES SCHUMER (D-NY), SENATE MINORITY LEADER: The president makes a promise, signs an empty executive order that won't help the life of a single American worker, smiles at the cameras and goes right back to happening, helping out the special interests and leaving America's workers out to dry.
    AZUZ: One thing the executive order does is prioritize using American companies to carry out U.S. government projects. It also pushes for stricter enforcement of H-1B visa laws. That program aims to bring skilled workers from other countries into the U.S. But the Trump administration says it's been abused by some companies to hire workers who will accept less pay than Americans would.
    REPORTER: If you're a highly skilled foreigner looking for a job in the U.S., chances are you're looking for an H-1B visa. But there's concern among some lawmakers that outsourcing firms may be exploiting the program. They flood the market with applicants who often are making less money than Americans.
    Let's look at the facts: H-1B visas are offered through a lottery. There are 85,000 people awarded the visas each year and they're good for three years. The median salary for an employee on an H-1B is $79,000. And if the visa holder was hired through an overseas outsourcing firm, that firm makes money, too.
    For example in India, the money earned by outsourcing firms makes up almost 10 percent of the country's GDP. The majority of H-1B petitions, around 70 percent, are from Indian nationals. China has the second most at just under 10 percent.
    California seeks out more H-1B workers than any other state, followed by Texas, New York, New Jersey and Illinois. And where are they going?
    Silicon Valley. Two-thirds of H-1Bs granted in 2015 were for tech jobs. And while sections of corporate America claimed to rely heavily on H-1Bs, many agree the system needs to be fixed.

    参考译文:

    阿祖兹:美国总统唐纳德·特朗普签署了一项新行政令,目的是履行他在就职那天许下的承诺。
    美国总统唐纳德·特朗普:我们将遵循两条最简单的原则——买美国的商品,雇美国的工人。
    阿祖兹:昨天,总统视察了威斯康星州一家工具制造商总部。他表示,他领导的政府将尽一切努力来确保更多产品被印上“美国制造”的标签。
    特朗普:这一历史性的行动表明,我们政府的政策是积极宣传和使用美国制造的产品,同时确保美国劳动力受雇于这一工作。
    阿祖兹:但是参议院少数党领袖查尔斯·舒默在一个电话会议上表示,中国被指责抢走了美国人的工作,但是总统没有抵制中国,也没有采取措施来保护美国工人。
    参议院少数党领袖、参议员查尔斯·舒默:总统做出了承诺,签署了一个不会给任何一名美国工人的生活带来帮助的空行政令,他面对镜头微笑,然后他会继续支持特殊利益团体,把美国工人晾在一边。
    阿祖兹:这一行政令要求优先采用美国公司来实施美国政府的项目。同时,该行政令要求实施更严格的H-1B签证法。H-1B签证旨在将其他国家的技术工人引进美国。但是特朗普政府表示,H-1B签证被一些公司滥用,他们会雇佣那些接受工资低于美国人的工人。
    记者:如果你是拥有高技能的外国人,你想在美国找工作,那你可以通过获得H-1B签证来实现你的目标。但是,一些议员担心外包公司会利用这一项目。他们使市场上充斥着工资低于美国人的申请者。
    现在来看一下事实:H-1B签证通过摇号获得。每年有8.5万人获得该签证,签证有效期为三年。持有H1B签证的员工平均年薪为7.9万美元。如果签证持有者是通过海外外包公司被雇佣的,那那家外包公司也会挣到钱。
    以印度为例,外包公司的收入占该国国民生产总值的10%。大部分H1B签证申请人(约70%左右)来自印度。申请人数排在第二位的是中国公民,不到10%。
    加州雇佣的H1B签证持有者多于其他州,紧随其后的是得克萨斯州、纽约州、新泽西州和伊利诺利州。那这些员工会去哪里工作?
    硅谷。2015年,获得H1B签证的人中有三分之二从事科技工作。虽然美国企业界有部分人认为他们高度依赖H1B员工,但是大多数人同意该体系需要修改。

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